Ideas & inspiration

Breeding lychees - how it works


The next time you eat lychees, you should pick up the seeds. Because with these you can easily grow lychees. More about this here.

Simply use the lychee seeds for cultivation

Exotic fruits quickly captivate our eyes on the fruit shelf, taste wonderfully sweet and fruity and are particularly easy to integrate into tempting desserts. Today, it is often possible to grow exotic fruits yourself in a greenhouse or conservatory. Among other things, it works with lychees. We will now tell you how this works and what you need to consider.

Breeding lychees - how it works

From the core of a very fresh lychee (high season from January on the fruit shelf) you can grow a new plant yourself at any time. To do this, carefully core the fruit and first clean this core thoroughly with warm water.

Then you have to put the core in a pot filled with humus about 2 to 3 centimeters deep. The earth should be as moist as possible. Now cover the pot with an air-permeable and translucent film. In this way, the core germinates faster (germination time about 2 weeks). Alternatively, you can also use a small glass plate for this.

" Important:

Now you must always make sure that the soil is loose and moist during this time. Under no circumstances should you keep it wet - avoid waterlogging! On top of that, you should never expose the seedlings to direct sunlight. In addition, a constant room temperature of 25 degrees is very important during cultivation.

Caring for lychee plants properly

Image by Dave Withinger

Transplanting:

After a certain time (approx. 4 to 8 weeks) you can transfer the seedlings into fresh pots. In the first place, the lychee plants then need an acidic-sandy soil that is as loamy as possible.

" Tip:

In the summer months you can of course store lychee plants in a warm place in the garden that is protected from the wind (e.g. on a house wall). However, direct sunlight is again not good for the plants.

Water lychees:

Water the lychee trees regularly because they feel comfortable in a humid culture. You can use e.g. Rainwater or lime-poor water. You can use it to spray the lychee trees more often, because that increases the air humidity.

You should water the lychee trees regularly

" Important:

Always make sure that the water runs off as quickly as possible when watering the plants. You absolutely have to avoid waterlogging, because otherwise there is a risk of root rot.

Fertilize lychees:

From spring to late summer you have to fertilize the lychee trees with a fruit fertilizer once a month. In the winter months, however, you can do without fertilization.

Lychees in winter:

In winter you should reduce water consumption and you can now reduce the temperature to 10 degrees. However, the lychee must receive enough natural light every day, even in winter.

Produce fruits

If you keep your lychee plant exclusively as a container plant, hardly any fruits will form on it. Which is why you should ideally transplant your lychee plant into a natural flower bed in a greenhouse or glass house.

Only lychee trees planted in the greenhouse bear fruit

For this purpose, you should create a soil culture that is pleasant for the lychee, consisting of acidic-sandy, loamy soil. The lychees can then form a sufficient root culture in this bed, which will reward the plants with fresh, white-fleshed fruits in a purple bowl over time.

Link tips:

If you would like to grow other exotic fruits yourself, you might be interested in the following link tips:

»Hardy banana trees - cultivation and care
»Grow pomegranates - This is how it's done
»Japanese grape - cultivation and care